Dr. Sun Yat Sen  孫中山先生 (November 12, 1866 - March 12, 1925)

Sun Yat-senIn modern history, there was one man with his vision and much struggles, constantly in exile, he changed the 5000 year monarchy China into a Republic Nation.  That is Dr. Sun Yat Sen (11/12/1866 - 3/12/1925).  He is respected as the Father of China.  His statue stands all over the world including one in San Francisco and one in New York City.  Memorial Gardens and Monuments were build in many countries. And he was the only Chinese person appear in an U. S. postage stamp with a President.

Little known to most people, Dr. Sun went to school in Hawaii when he was thirteen where his older brother emigrated earlier as a labor and later became a prosperous merchant. Without knowing a word in English, Sun Yat-sen studied at the prestigious Iolani School where he learned English, mathematics and science. Originally unable to speak the English language, Sun Yat-sen picked up the language so quickly that he received a prize for outstanding achievement in English from King David Kalakaua. Sun then enrolled in Oahu College for further studies but he was soon sent home to China as his brother was becoming afraid that Sun Yat-sen was about to embrace Christianity. While at Iolani, he befriended Tong Phong, who later founded the First Chinese-American Bank.

                 

 


When he returned home in 1883, he was greatly troubled by what he saw as a backward China that demanded exorbitant taxes and levies from its people. The people were
conservative, and the schools maintained their ancient methods leaving no opportunity for expression of thought or opinions. Under the influence of Christian missionaries in Hawaii, Sun had developed a disdain for traditional Chinese religious beliefs. One day, Sun and his childhood friend Lu Hao-tung passed by Bei-ji-dian (北極殿), a temple in Chui-heng Village (翠亨村), where they saw many villagers worshipping the Bei-ji (lit. North Pole) Emperor-God in the temple. They broke off the hand of the statue, incurring the wrath of fellow villagers, and escaped to Hong Kong. (Photo - Sun's Tomb 中山陵 in China) 

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in NanjingSun studied English at the Anglican Diocesan Home and Orphanage (currently Diocesan Boys' School) in Hong Kong. In April 1884, Sun was transferred to the Central School of Hong Kong (later renamed Queen's College). Sun was later baptized in Hong Kong by an American missionary of the Congregational Church of the United States, to his brother's disdain. Sun pictured a revolution as similar to the salvation mission of the Christian church. His conversion to Christianity was related to his revolutionary ideals and push for advancement. As a result, his baptismal name, Rixin 日新, literally means "daily renewal."

 

Ultimately, he earned the license of medical practice as a medical doctor from the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (the forerunner of The University of Hong Kong) in 1892, of which he was one of the first two graduates. He subsequently practiced medicine in that city briefly in 1893. (Photo - Memorial Hall in Taiwan)