modern history, there was one man with his vision and much struggles,
constantly in exile, he changed the 5000 year monarchy China into a
Republic Nation. That is Dr. Sun Yat Sen (11/12/1866 - 3/12/1925).
He is respected as the Father of China. His statue stands all over
the world including one in San Francisco and one in New York City.
Memorial Gardens and Monuments were build in many countries. And he
was the only Chinese person appear in an U. S. postage stamp with a
Little known to most people, Dr.
Sun went to school in Hawaii when he was thirteen where his older
brother emigrated earlier as a labor and later became a prosperous
merchant. Without knowing a word in English, Sun Yat-sen studied at the
where he learned
Originally unable to speak the
Sun Yat-sen picked up the language so quickly that he received a prize
for outstanding achievement in English from
King David Kalakaua.
Sun then enrolled in
Oahu College for
further studies but he was soon sent home to China as his brother was
becoming afraid that Sun Yat-sen was about to embrace
While at Iolani, he befriended Tong Phong, who later founded the First
When he returned home in 1883, he was greatly troubled by what he saw as
a backward China that demanded exorbitant taxes and levies from its
people. The people were
the schools maintained their ancient methods leaving no opportunity for
expression of thought or opinions. Under the influence of Christian
missionaries in Hawaii, Sun had developed a disdain for traditional
Chinese religious beliefs. One day, Sun and his childhood friend
temple in Chui-heng Village
(翠亨村), where they saw many villagers worshipping the Bei-ji (lit.
Emperor-God in the temple. They broke off the hand of the statue,
incurring the wrath of fellow villagers, and escaped to
Hong Kong. (Photo
- Sun's Tomb 中山陵
English at the Anglican Diocesan Home and Orphanage (currently
Diocesan Boys' School)
in Hong Kong. In April 1884, Sun was transferred to the Central School
of Hong Kong (later renamed
Sun was later baptized in Hong Kong by an American missionary of the
Congregational Church of the United States, to his brother's disdain.
Sun pictured a
as similar to the salvation mission of the Christian church. His
conversion to Christianity was related to his revolutionary ideals and
push for advancement. As a result, his baptismal name, Rixin
literally means "daily renewal."
Ultimately, he earned the license of
medical practice as a
Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese
(the forerunner of
The University of Hong Kong)
in 1892, of which he was one of the first two graduates. He subsequently
practiced medicine in that city briefly in 1893. (Photo - Memorial Hall